A Dangerous Impasse: Rwandan Refugees in Uganda
Citizenship and Displacement in the Great Lakes Region. Working Paper No. 4, June 2010
This paper examines why one group of Rwandan refugees, those living in Nakivale settlement in Uganda's southwest, refuse to return. The push factors are considerable. Despite the official emphasis on voluntariness, refugees are feeling under considerable pressure from the governments of Uganda and Rwanda and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to repatriate, in particular as a result of the announcement of "deadlines" for repatriation. Rwandan refugees told of how they have had their land re-allocated to Congolese refugees, have seen their rations reduced and are no longer allowed access to some social services available to other refugees. Many live in constant fear of being forcibly repatriated and some have resorted to hiding their belongings and sleeping in the bush.
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International Refugee Rights Initiative, Refugee Law Project and Social Science Research Council